History of New Towns Development:
Hong Kong government began various projects for new towns development in rural area since 1950 in order to accommodate the booming population. These new towns projects delicately assign land use for public housing projects, highways, tunnels, bridges and railways to improve living standard of residents.
The early new town development project was the industrial satellites towns at Kwun Toog and followed by Tsuen Wan in the mid-1950s and early 1960s respectively. This was a time when Hong Kong was suffering from a severe shortage of building sites for amid the blooming development of garments and electronics manufacturing industries.
In late 1960, development of new town in the Tsuen Wan area gradually transited into a self-contained community with a balanced land-use for people to live within a reasonable distance of their place of work, and with adequate public services and community facilities for residents.
Up until now, totally 9 new towns have been built and near half of the Hong Kong population resides in these newly developed areas, these could be divided into three generations by their development period.
- Early 1970s: Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin and Tuen Mun
- Late 1970s: Tai Po, Fanling/Sheung Shui and Yuen Long
- 1980s and 1990s: Tseung Kwan O, Tin Shui Wai and Tung Chung
New Development Areas in the New Territories:
To respond to the high demand in how market and lack of home flats supply in 2010s, Hong Kong SAR government proposed to activate new towns development, and hoped that could increase the supply in private housing market and provide more flats for public housing.
The government rolled out proposal of development of New Development Areas (NDAs) in the New Territories as one of the ten major infrastructure projects for economic growth at this moment. The NDAs could provide quality living space in the northern New Territories.
Under the NDAs proposal, numerous planning and development studies has been established to assess the feasibility of developing NDAs in various area of the New Territories, e.g. Kwu Tung North, Fanling North, Ping Che/Ta Kwu Ling and Hung Shui Kiu, in which Kwu Tung North and Fanling North is planned as the extension of Fanling/Sheung Shui New Town and will form the Fanling/Sheung Shui/Kwu Tung New Town.
The NDAs project is essential to Hong Kong’s medium and long-term land supply and will become a major source of housing supply and provide about 60 000 units of home flats of which 60% will be public rental housing and Home Ownership Scheme units into housing market.
The detailed design of the NDAs advance works and first stage works commenced in November 2014. The major construction works are anticipated to commence in 2018 for the first population intake in 2023.
Reference: Planning Department, Gov of HKSAR